Monday, April 24, 2017

Comics: Carl Burgos

Carl Burgos was born Max Finkelstein on April 18, 1916, in New York, New York. The birth date is based on the Social Security Death Index and his parents’ petitions for naturalization at

Burgos’s father was Isidor Finkelstein, a tailor, whose naturalization petition, dated December 13, 1923, said he was born in Moghielev, Russia, on October 25, 1886. (
Isidor’s World War II draft card said his birth was October 15, 1886 in Zlobin, Russia.) He sailed on the steamship Merion which departed Antwerp, Belgium, on November 16, 1907. The ship arrived in New York City on November 29, 1907. Isidor became a naturalized citizen February 14, 1927.

Burgos’s mother was Ester Bielin, a dressmaker, whose naturalization petition said she was born in Stressin, Russia, on March 2, 1886. She sailed on the steamship Samland which departed from Antwerp, Belgium. The ship arrived in New York City on April 2, 1907. She married Isidor on August 26, 1911. On the petition, dated June 27, 1941, her first name was spelled Esther. She became a naturalized citizen July 16, 1942.

Burgos’s brother, Rubin Finkelstein, was born March 2, 1912, in New York City. Rubin married Clara Cantor on March 30, 1935 in Manhattan, according to the New York, New York, Marriage Index at Clara passed away May 22, 1996. Rubin passed away May 20, 2003.

The 1920 U.S. Federal Census recorded the Finkelsteins in Manhattan, New York City at 191 East 100 Street.

The same address was in the 1925 New York state census.

In the 1930 census, the Finkelstein family resided in the Bronx at 945 Faile Street.

In the Steranko History of Comics (1970), page 58, Steranko wrote:
The man responsible for the inflammable fury [The Human Torch] was Carl Burgos. Born in New York in 1917 [sic], his childhood was little different than most others except for his natural artistic talent and unruly imagination. In his early teens he enrolled in the National Academy of Design. “I quit after one year because I couldn’t learn enough,” Burgos says.

At 17, he took a job with the Franklin Engraving Company which just happened to be the firm that engraved the plates for a line of comic books produced by Harry A. Chesler. For the first time, Burgos was exposed to stacks of original comic art. Whenever possible, he took the time to study the artist’s techniques, their pen styles and brush strokes. He discovered he could draw as well as some and better than a few who already worked in comics. He formulated an idea about becoming a comic artist. What could he lose?
An overview of Burgos’s comics career is at Who’s Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999. Many of his comic book credits are at the Grand Comics Database. A collection of images from Google is here.

According to the 1940 census, Burgos and his parents lived at 602 West 157th Street in Manhattan. Burgos’s occupation was artist in the newspaper industry. He had completed four years of high school.

A 1942 Manhattan city directory had this listing: “Burgos Carl 602W157…..AU dubn 3-4117”.

During World War II, Burgos enlisted as Max Finkelstein. In the Steranko History of Comics, Burgos said “I started in the Air Force, took infantry ranger training, went overseas as a rifleman, was transferred to the Signal Corps, and came back in the engineers. It sounds crazy, but it could only happen to a comic book man.” The Department of Veterans Affairs Beneficiary Identification Records Locator Subsystem (BIRLS) Death File, at Ancestry. com, said he was discharged March 18, 1946.

Alter Ego #49, June 2005, published “The Privacy Act of Carl Burgos”, Jim Amash’s interview with Burgos’s daughter Susan, a teacher and animation artist. She mentioned her mother, Doris, sister, Linda, grandparents and uncle. 
Doris’s Social Security application, at, had her full maiden name. In July 1947 her name was Doris Finkelstein, then 
in September 1948 she was Doris Burgos.

In 1968 Burgos filed copyright renewals on his creation, the Human Torch. The renewal registrations were published in the Catalog of Copyright Entries, Third Series, Volume 22, Part 1, Number 1, Section 1, Books and Pamphlets, Current and Renewal Registrations, January–June 1968, on page 1256 

and in the Catalog of Copyright Entries, Third Series, Volume 22, Part 1, Number 2, Section 1, Books and Pamphlets, Current and Renewal Registrations, July–December 1968, on pages 2761 and 2762. 

Burgos’s copyright renewal filings were mentioned in the article “The true story of life at Marvel Comics in the glory days of Jack Kirby and Stan Lee”.

Burgos passed away March 5, 1984, according to the Department of Veterans Affairs BIRLS file. American Comic Book Chronicles: The 1980s (2013) said Burgos died on March 7. The Social Security Death Index said Burgos’s last residence was Franklin Square, New York. His wife, Doris, passed away January 2, 2002.

Further Reading
Timely-Atlas-Comics: Happy 100th Birthday To Carl Burgos

Comics Alliance
The Weird World of Eerie Publications: Comic Gore That Warped Millions of Young Minds
The Beat: When Carl Burgos tried to sue for the Human Torch
Tales to Astonish: Jack Kirby, Stan Lee, and the American Comic Book Revolution
Sub-Mariner & The Original Human Torch, Volume 1
Alter Ego #108, April 2012: “With the Fathers of Our Heroes
Find a Grave
Lambiek Comiclopedia

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(Next post on Monday: Hollywood Type Casting)

Monday, April 17, 2017

Street Scene: McCrorey Building

West 18th Street near 6th Avenue, Manhattan

(Next post on Monday: Carl Burgos)

Monday, April 10, 2017

Typography: Stat Store Publishing

Stat Store 1988 brochure of services and prices was designed by Alexander Isley
Brochure is in the collection of the North Carolina State University Libraries.

Brochure sleeve, front and back
3.5 x 3.5 inches / 8.9 x 8.9 centimeters

Panels 1–2

Panels 3–4

Panels 5–6

Panels 7–8

Panels 9–10

Panels 11–12

Related Post
The Stat Store

Further Reading
The First Thing I Ever Designed: How Alexander Isley Helped Analog Designers Embrace Digital

(Next post on Monday: McCrorey Building)

Monday, April 3, 2017

Comics: Vivian Berg, Letterer

Vivian Berg was born Vivian Lipman on January 4, 1923, in New Rochelle, New York.

In the 1930 U.S. Federal Census, the Lipman family resided in New Rochelle, New York, at 43-45 North Avenue. Vivian was the youngest of four children born to Benjamin, a grocery store proprietor, and Mary, both Russian emigrants who arrived in the United States in 1905. Vivian’s siblings were born in Connecticut.

The Daily Argus (Mount Vernon, New York), September 19, 1939, published this item:

Tau Alpha Meeting
Tau Alpha will hold a meeting tonight at the home of Miss Vivian Lipman, 22 Burling Lane, at 9 o’clock.
According to the 1940 census, the Lipmans remained in New Rochelle but at a different address, 22 Burling Lane.

Women in Comics said Vivian studied at Cooper Union, where she met her future husband Dave Berg.

Women in Comics also said Vivian worked for MLJ (Archie) and Classics Illustrated in the 1940s. Women and the Comics (1985) mentioned Vivian twice. About the publisher MLJ, Women and the Comics said “Vivian Lipman Berg (who edited Archie and inked the art, wrote puzzle pages and text pieces for the company and scripted and drew ‘Three Monkey Teers‘).” Regarding Timely Comics, the book said “Vivian Lipman Berg wrote text pieces for the company in 1942”.

According to Who’s Who in Writers, Editors & Poets, United States & Canada (1995), Vivian and Berg married on March 3, 1949.

The Orangetown Telegram (Pearl River, New York), December 8, 1950, reported the South Main P.T.A. enrollment drive and said: “The kindergarten, registering 113%, had a separate party in the Parish House of St. Paul's Episcopal Church under the direction of the teacher, Miss Vivian Lipman.”

In the 1960s, Vivian was a letterer for DC Comics. Two titles she worked on were Doom Patrol #117 (below) and Superboy #118.

Dave Berg was profiled in the Daily News (Tarrytown, New York), on April 17, 1977. Berg was asked where he got his ideas for his long-running MAD feature “The Lighter Side”.
Everywhere, he answers, saying his wife, Vivian, loves to read so she helps with the research. For example, for a “lighter side of modern technology,” she read the book “Future Shock” for ideas. Discussion and the comic followed.
MAD’s Greatest Artists: Dave Berg: Five Decades of “The Lighter Side Of…” (2013) has a sample of Vivian and Dave in “The Lighter Side of…Teenage Phases” from MAD #248, July 1984.

At some point, Vivian and her family moved to Marina Del Rey, California.

In the 1980s and 1990s, Vivian was a magazine writer and illustrator according to Who’s Who of American Comics Books 1928–1999.

Vivian’s husband died in 2002. Vivian passed away December 21, 2014, in California.

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(Next post on Monday: Stat Store Publishing)